Cooperative systems technology testing and validation
There has been a trend to only test and validate single technologies without looking beyond for how the different technologies work together in different research projects as well as in industry initiatives. Non-compatible technologies have lower probability of reaching the large markets, while a compatible products situation is stable independent of customer base sizes (Chen, et al., 2009). It is important for new technology developments to incorporate and complement what exists in the world outside of its organization or domain. Consequently it is important that new technologies and solutions are tested and evaluated in relation to the existing technologies and solutions.
In addition there should be an increased focus on general tools that enables a heterogeneous system where a range of different systems work together. This view is also important for small third party service operators that will have an available marked for its services independent of which systems the users are running. Increased competition from smaller operators will sharpen the big players in aspects like functionality, quality and price for the benefit of the end users.
In the table below, actions related to technology testing and compatibility are outlined. A general consideration is that technologies in the field of cooperative systems are rather mature, from a research point of view. Therefore the actions required on the short-term should aim at consolidating the services and technological base, even through standardisation initiatives. Subsequently merged platforms, involving different sub-systems, should be piloted on sufficient big scale to motivate commitment to industry investments, from OEMs and transport companies, before 2020.